Hyperkeratosis is the process in which the outer layer (epidermis) of the skin gets thickened. This layer contains a protective protein coating called keratin in it which is responsible for protecting the skin from infection. The outer layer can become thick due to normal rubbing of the skin or due to pressure or injury on the skin. It can also be due to skin irritation caused by infection. Hyperkeratosis occurs in the form of body’s natural defense mechanism for protecting the skin against infection and irritating chemicals. Some examples of hyperkeratosis are formation of corns and calluses, and warts. All of them are inflammation of the skin in various forms.
There would be skin irritation and thickening of outer layer called epidermis of the skin. Some of the common signs of hyperkeratosis are corns, calluses, warts and eczema. It causes inflammation of the affected area due to irritation. There would be pain and itching on the specific part of the skin which is affected.
The doctor will physically examine the affected skin and verify whether you have been subjected to frequent exposure in the sun. Sometimes, your doctor will do allergy test taking skin biopsy for confirming the illness. Family history of the affected person is also useful in detecting hyperkeratosis.
There are several kinds of signs when you are affected with hyperkeratosis and the treatment depends on what symptoms you have got. In case of corns and callus, your doctor will ask you to use padding on the legs to reduce pain. For warts it can be removed by cryosurgery or laser therapy. Warts can also be treated with over the counter medications. If the person is affected with lichen planus, then corticosteroid medications and topical creams are given. For treating chronic eczema antibiotics and corticosteroid ointments are prescribed.
The type of treatment depends entirely on the symptoms and it is possible to remove skin thickening through repeated treatments.
Images, Pics, Photos and Pictures of Hyperkeratosis
You need to wear comfortable shoes that allow breathing space. Avoid keeping the legs moist since it gives room for bacterial infection. Avoid using harsh soaps and detergents on the skin. Reduce your exposure in hot sunlight and always wear protective clothing to prevent direct exposure of the skin from sunlight.