What is a barium swallow test for infants?
A barium swallow is a fluoroscopy procedure that allows us to see images of your child’s esophagus, which is the tube that connects the mouth to the stomach. We do this by using an x-ray machine and a contrast agent, which your child will drink.
What are the dangers of barium?
Small amounts of water-soluble barium may cause a person to experience breathing difficulties, increased blood pressures, heart rhythm changes, stomach irritation, muscle weakness, changes in nerve reflexes, swelling of brains and liver, kidney and heart damage. Barium has not shown to cause cancer with humans.
How is a swallow test done on a baby?
Barium swallow/upper GI series.
Your child is given a liquid containing barium to drink and a series of x-rays are taken. They will be lying down on their back for this test. The physician can watch what happens as your child swallows the fluid, and note any problems that may occur in the throat, esophagus or stomach.
Why would a baby need a swallow study?
The swallow study is a procedure used to see how a child is swallowing. This test is helpful if a child is experiencing difficulty with feeding and/or swallowing. It is performed by a speech-language pathologist and a radiologist. Special equipment is used to provide a “moving x-ray” of a child’s swallow.
Are barium swallows safe?
Barium swallow and barium meal are considered to be safe procedures but there is a small risk of complications. These include: Potential spillage of barium- Barium should not be used in patients whom the doctor suspects there may be a significant hole in the gastrointestinal lining.
When does a baby need a swallow test?
Some signs that your child has a swallowing disorder that may require a swallow study to diagnose include: Frequent upper respiratory symptoms or illnesses, including asthma, wheezing or infections. Poor weight gain or failure to thrive.
How much barium is toxic?
The US Environmental Protection agency (EPA) has set an oral reference dose for barium of 0.07 mg/kg/d. A level of 50 mg/m3 may be immediately dangerous to life and health (IDLH).
Is barium sulfate toxic?
Adverse Reactions. Barium sulfate is insoluble and non-toxic. It is not absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract, remaining entirely in the lumen.
Is barium harmful to kidneys?
Oral “milkshake” barium contrast agents, used in CT scans of the digestive system, do not cause kidney damage, and were not included.
How do I know if my baby has swallowing problems?
Symptoms of Dysphagia
It may be repeated coughing and gagging during meals. It may be that the child spits up during meals or throws up after meals. Drooling may indicate a lack of swallowing reflex. Liquid coming out of the mouth or nose during feeding is another tell-tale sign.
How long does a barium swallow test take?
Your doctor will direct you to your local radiology facility for your barium swallow. A trained radiology technician will perform the procedure. From start to finish, a barium swallow takes about 30 minutes. You will get your results within several days of your procedure.
How much barium is used in a barium swallow?
You will drink about 1 1/2 cups of a barium preparation-a chalky drink with the consistency (but not the flavor) of a milk shake. Children will drink less. The barium can be seen on an X-ray as it passes through the digestive tract. The barium swallow procedure may take about 30 minutes to finish.
How do you fix a baby’s aspiration?
How is aspiration in babies and children treated?
- Making changes in position and posture during meals.
- Changing the thickness of liquids.
- Changing the types of foods in your child’s diet.
- Doing exercises to help with swallowing (for an older child)
- Medicines for GERD.
How long does a pediatric swallow study take?
The swallow study itself takes about 15 minutes. After the study, you will meet with the speech/language specialist to discuss the results of the test and answer any questions you may have. You may be given recommendations to help improve the way your child eats and drinks, as well as for follow-up appointments.
What tests are ordered for a child with difficulty swallowing?
A fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES) is a test used to see if a child has dysphagia. When a person has dysphagia, he or she has trouble swallowing.