Your question: What risk factors contribute to harmful substance use during pregnancy?

However, there have been several large and thorough studies recently, which have all identified several risk factors associated with cocaine use during pregnancy, including premature rupture of membranes, placental abruption, preterm birth, low birthweight, and small for gestational age infants 55, 56.

What are the risk factors of substance use during pregnancy?

Recent research shows that smoking tobacco or marijuana, taking prescription pain relievers, or using illegal drugs during pregnancy is associated with double or even triple the risk of stillbirth.

  • birth defects.
  • low birth weight.
  • premature birth.
  • small head circumference.
  • sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)

What substances have harmful effects on a developing fetus?

Illegal drugs such as marijuana, cocaine, and methamphetamine aren’t the only drugs that are harmful to fetal development; Commonly used over-the-counter medicines, along with substances such as caffeine and alcohol, can have lasting effects on an unborn child.

How does substance misuse affect pregnancy?

For pregnant drug users in general, irrespective of the substance used, especially where poor social conditions prevail, there is an increased risk of low birth weight, premature delivery, peri-natal mortality and cot death.

What substances should I avoid during pregnancy?

Chemicals to avoid when you’re pregnant or breastfeeding

  • Pesticides and herbicides. Some pesticides (bug killers) and herbicides (weed killers) are known to affect developing and newborn babies. …
  • Cleaning products. …
  • Paint. …
  • Mosquito repellent. …
  • Mercury. …
  • Arsenic-treated timber. …
  • Nail polish. …
  • Paint and lead-based products.
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What are the most common drugs used during pregnancy?

Drugs are used in over half of all pregnancies, and prevalence of use is increasing. The most commonly used drugs include antiemetics, antacids, antihistamines, analgesics, antimicrobials, diuretics, hypnotics, tranquilizers, and social and illicit drugs.

What substances cause birth defects?

Each of the following drugs or drug groups may cause birth defects in a developing fetus:

  • ACE (angiotensin converting enzyme) inhibitors.
  • angiotensin II antagonist.
  • isotretinoin (an acne drug)
  • alcohol.
  • cocaine.
  • high doses of vitamin A.
  • lithium.
  • male hormones.

Why can a drug be toxic to a fetus without hurting the mother?

Drugs taken by a pregnant woman reach the fetus primarily by crossing the placenta, the same route taken by oxygen and nutrients, which are needed for the fetus’s growth and development. However, drugs that do not cross the placenta may still harm the fetus by affecting the uterus or the placenta.

What are 6 complications of pregnancy?

These are the most common complications women experience during pregnancy:

  • High blood pressure. High blood pressure occurs when the arteries that carry blood from the heart to the organs and the placenta are narrowed. …
  • Gestational diabetes. …
  • Preeclampsia. …
  • Preterm labor. …
  • Miscarriage. …
  • Anemia. …
  • Infections. …
  • Breech position.