A person under 18 years of age who is assessed and deemed capable of consenting to treatment (a mature minor) is allowed to make treatment decisions. Any person 16 years of age or more who has capacity to make a health care decision can make a directive.
Can a 12 year old make medical decisions?
“A minor who is 12 years of age or older and who may have come into contact with an infectious, contagious, or communicable disease may consent to medical care related to the diagnosis or treatment of the disease, if the disease… is one that is required by law…to be reported….” (Cal.
Can a 13 year old make their own medical decisions?
Children 14 to 17 years old (but under 18) can make decisions on their own about care necessary for their health. This agreement is legally called “consent”. Note that abortion is usually considered care necessary for a person’s health.
How old do you have to be to make medical decisions?
The States and Abortion
The one notable exception to the expansion of minors’ decision-making authority on health care matters is abortion. Only two states—Connecticut and Maine—and the District of Columbia have laws that affirm a minor’s ability to obtain an abortion on her own.
Can a 14 year old give informed consent?
The law authorizes parent(s) or guardian(s) of a minor (anyone under the age of 18) to give informed consent for most medical decisions on behalf of the child.
Can an 18 year old make medical decisions?
When a child turns 18 years old, they are an adult. The 18-year-old (young adult) has the right to make medical decisions that their parents or guardians used to make. The doctors and clinic staff must talk directly to the young adult about their needs, care, and choices.
Can a 12 year old see a doctor without parent?
In most cases, teens need permission from a parent or guardian to see a doctor or nurse practitioner. … However, children age 12 and older can see a health care practitioner without parental permission for these confidential issues: Pregnancy prevention.
Can a 15 year old make their own medical decisions?
A Child’s Ability to Make His or Her Own Health Decisions
A minor may make all his or her own medical decisions without parental consent where the minor is 15 or older, living apart from the parents or guardians, and managing his or her own medical affairs.
Can a 14 year old go to the doctors alone?
Different people are ready at different ages to see a doctor or a nurse alone, and legally there is no set age to be seen without your parents. You can come alone or can even bring them along and leave them in the waiting room if you wanted to be seen by the doctor or nurse on your own.
Should minors make their own medical decisions?
Unlike their adult counterparts, teenagers generally do not have the right to make their own medical decisions, and physicians, families, and sometimes the courts are left to make difficult choices that have implications for religious freedom, parental rights, and a child’s well-being alike.
Can a 12 year old give informed consent?
Code § 6929(a)(2). “A minor who is 12 years of age or older may consent to medical care and counseling relating to the diagnosis and treatment of a drug or alcohol related problem.” (Fam. Code §6929(b)). There are different confidentiality rules under federal and state law.
Can parents withhold medical information from their child?
Under some circumstances, respect for patient autonomy can paradoxically support withholding medical information. If a patient expresses a desire not to know all or some medical information, then the physician should respect that decision and withhold that information [21, 22].
Can a minor give consent?
Minors are often allowed to consent to treatment for such things as substance abuse, mental health care, and birth control. In several states, such as Vermont and California, this right is granted to minors as young as 12.